ERJ staff report (DS)
Geneva, Switzerland -- ISO 3601, the standard covering O-Rings has been revised to meet American, European, as well as Asian needs. ISO 3601 consolidates the long established AS 568B inch standard with the existing metric ISO 3601 and importantly, as it retains its original designation, means modification of documentation may not be required.
â€œChanges to the existing standard were needed to reflect what was happening in the market place,â€ says Bernd Murthum, O-Ring Product Manager for Trelleborg Sealing Solutions, who is the convener on the ISO working group responsible for this latest revision of the ISO 3601 O-Ring standard.
â€œDiscussions to harmonize the US and European standards have been ongoing for a number of years,â€ continues Murthum. The revised standard not only successfully embraces both the AS and ISO standard tolerances in a single standard but also extends the range of cross-sections covered.
â€œISO 3601 and AS 568B only describe five standard cross-sections. In reality, in the market place there are many more. Common practice was to use the principles of the ISO over a broader range of cross-sections. This is now recognised in the revised standard.â€
In the new standard, a Class A designation corresponds to the American standard AS 568B in its current format. Class B designation allows production of O-Rings in technically acceptable and economical metric sizes and inch sizes, which can then fit into metric grooves. Also, in Class B there is now a table of tolerances covering cross-sections from 0.8 to 8.4 mm.
The five parts of the now valid O-Ring standard ISO 3601 are as follows:
ISO 3601-1: 2008 Revised - Inside diameters, cross-sections, tolerances and designation codes
- Dimensions are expressed in both metric and inch measurements
- Class A is identical with AS568B
- Class B is similar to the tolerances of the previous ISO 3601-1: 2002 and includes an equation to calculate the tolerance for the O-Ring inside diameter
- Range for O-Ring cross-section diameter tolerances from 0.8 mm to 8.4 mm
ISO 3601-2: 2008 New - Housing dimensions for general applications
- Covers technology for measuring surface roughness of O-Ring housings
- Design recommendations for O-Ring squeeze, elongation and compression as well as maximum groove fill
- Equation for calculation of O-Ring cross-section reduction caused by the elongation of the O-Ring inner diameter
ISO 3601-3: 2005 Partially revised - Quality acceptance criteria for O-Ring surfaces
ISO 3601-4: 2008 New - Retaining ring specifications
- Covers spiral Back-up Rings, solid type (cut/ uncut), concave type (cut/ uncut)
- Gives tolerances for outer and inner diameters depending on rod or piston applications
- Design recommendations but no size list for preferred housing dimensions
ISO 3601-5:2002 - Currently in revision - Suitability of elastomeric materials for industrial applications
- Will replace general information on material groups with detailed information of more practical use to design engineers
- Will comprise detailed material specifications for important material groups
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Press release from Trelleborg